Emergency Response Times
Emergency Response Times
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Key Messages (Q1 2019-20)
- The network of CFA brigade were 87.4% compliant with Community Service Delivery Standards (SDS) in quarter 1, which is consistent with quarter 1 2018/19.
- Incidents that require emergency response have remained steady in quarter 1, with 5,013 in quarter 1 2019/20 compared to 5,065 in quarter 1 2018/19.
- Six people tragically died in residential fires in quarter 1. While focus is placed on bushfire safety at this time of year, residential fires can be just as deadly and devastating to our community.
Key Messages (Q4 2018-19)
- Due to protected industrial action at Emergency Services Telecommunication Authority, some arrival times and incident types were not recorded in quarter four of 2018/19. The period impacted has been excluded from the reported data. The CFA / MFB recommends caution in the analysis and use of this data set as it is incomplete. The CFA’s/ MFB’s ability to provide timely operational responses and maintain community safety in this period was not impacted.
- Due to the large number of excluded incidents, comparisons of the number of incidents and compliance with previous quarters is not appropriate.
- For the 4,414 emergency incidents included in quarter 4, the network of CFA brigades were 85.6% compliant with Community Service Delivery Standards (SDS).
- Two people tragically died in residential fires in quarter 4. This highlights the ongoing need for working smoke alarms, safer homes and improved home fire safety behaviour.
CFA Service Delivery
CFA delivers services to the community through a network of over 55,000 volunteers and 1,226 career firefighters operating out of 1,220 rural and urban brigades across Victoria. CFA also employs over 1,000 Professional, Technical and Administrative staff to enable service delivery.
The CFA service delivery model includes a mix of volunteer-only brigades working alongside 35 volunteer and career integrated fire brigades to provide an emergency response to the community. Staff and volunteers also work together to deliver programs to prevent and prepare for emergencies.
CFA uses its network of brigades to respond to emergency events, including structure fires, bush and grass fires, road crashes and vehicle fires. CFA brigades also respond alongside Metropolitan Fire Brigade and other emergency service organisations.
- + What is Response Time data?
Response time is measured from when the brigade is alerted to an event to when the first brigade vehicle arrives on scene. Response times are influenced by many factors, including traffic and road conditions, weather, and the current demand for our services (fire brigade availability).
The diagram below shows the response timeframe for CFA responding to an emergency event.
Download a PDF copy of the intervention timeline (PDF 361k)
- + What is a Brigade Area?
Each brigade has a defined Brigade Area, which specifies the operational footprint of the brigade. Brigades respond to emergency events within their own Brigade Area, and support into neighbouring Brigade Areas.
- + What is Hazard Class and a Service Delivery Standard (SDS)?
Hazard Class defines the type of risk for a given area. Each Brigade Area may contain multiple hazard classes.
The SDS is a predefined response time target for brigades responding to an emergency event. Each Hazard Class has a different SDS.
Hazard Class 2 (Medium Urban) = 8 minute SDS
Significant urban areas which are primarily residential including commercial centres, clusters of industrial and/or high density community services e.g. schools, correctional facilities, hospitals.
Hazard Class 3 (Low Urban) = 10 minute SDS
All urban areas that are not included in Hazard Class 2 and includes predominantly residential occupancies and small industries.
Hazard Class 4 (Rural) = 20 minute SDS
Primarily involves natural surroundings in terms of bush and grassland, but also involves isolated dwellings and structures within those areas.
Hazard Class 5 covers very remote locations and very isolated dwellings. There is no SDS for this hazard class.
The SDS is applied to emergency events, such as building fires, grass and shrub fires, hazardous material spills and leaks, motor vehicle collisions, and fire alarms that require an emergency response (where CFA vehicles travel with lights and sirens).CFA responds to a range of non-emergency events as part of its service to the community. These are events where there is no risk to life or property, and do not require an emergency response. The SDS is not applied to these events.
- + How does CFA respond to an emergency event?
When a community member calls 000, CFA is one of several different emergency service organisations that may be dispatched to help. For emergency events requiring CFA, the 000 call-taker will look at the location of the incident and dispatch nearby brigades. Usually, two brigades will be dispatched to provide immediate assistance, with further brigades being dispatched as required for more complex events.
The image below shows the response model used by CFA. Brigades work together to provide an optimal service to the community. This means that sometimes the brigade that is dispatched first or arrives first to an emergency event is from a neighbouring brigade area.
CFA measures emergency response time performance in two ways:
- CFA measures the response time of a brigade dispatched to an event within its own Brigade Area (Brigade Area response); and
- CFA measures the response time that the community experienced, whether it was from a Brigade within its own Brigade Area or a Brigade responding from a neighbouring Brigade Area (Community response).
As seen in the map, a brigade dispatched in their own Brigade Area can meet the SDS for an event. Alternatively, a brigade dispatched from a neighbouring area can meet the SDS for an event.
Download a PDF copy of the service delivery model (PDF 237k)
- + How does CFA manage its emergency response time data?
Response time data is collected through the Fire & Incident Reporting System (FIRS) for all events that CFA responds to.
At the completion of an event, firefighters complete a fire report using FIRS. Most brigades use the FIRS call centre to complete their reports over the phone with the assistance of a FIRS call-taker.
Each FIRS report contains the location of the event, the response time for each fire truck responding to the event and other information, including details of any injuries from the event, the magnitude of property damage and ignition factors for fire events. This information is used by CFA to calculate response times and percentage compliance with response time targets, as well as increasing our understanding of causes and impacts of emergency events to improve service delivery for the safety of the Victorian community.
CFA employs several methods to review and enhance the quality of FIRS reports. Operations Officers are responsible for ensuring that brigades complete FIRS reports accurately and within the mandated time period of one month from the date of the event. FIRS call-takers also provide some validation of data at the time of input. A team of dedicated data analysts operate to review and validate data as required.
Brigades are provided with their performance against the Service Delivery Standards each year as an aggregated figure across Hazard Classes. Brigades can request more regular performance updates from their Operations Officer.
- + Why is my brigade area not listed?
If a Brigade Area had less than 10 emergency events in the reporting period, the Brigade Area will not be included in the report.
Calculating the SDS performance for Brigade Areas with low volumes of emergency events will not provide a statistically significant indication of service delivery performance.
- + What is CFA doing to improve emergency response time performance?
CFA is committed to an ongoing performance improvement program which aims to improve the quality of services delivered to the community. The program includes an annual inspection of brigades by Operations Officers to identify risks, issues and vulnerabilities that may impact on a brigade’s capability and capacity.
Outcomes of the inspections are used to develop internal support arrangements that assist brigades to address areas of concern. Support may include increased and tailored training programs, targeted recruitment, reallocation and replacement of equipment, redevelopment or relocation of fire stations or integration of career staff into the brigade.
Regions, District and brigades work together to develop strategies that support service delivery to the local community today and into the future.
Download the outcomes infographic (PDF 840k)
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