About Fire Danger Ratings
Share | Print

About Fire Danger Ratings

Fire Danger Rating wheelThe Fire Danger Rating tells you how dangerous a fire would be if one started.

It helps you to know when conditions are dangerous enough to put your bushfire survival plan in to action.

Ratings are forecast using Bureau of Meteorology data for up to four days in advance, based on weather and other environmental conditions such as fuel load.

The rating is your prompt to take action to stay safe.

What do the ratings mean and what should you do?

code red

What does it mean?

These are the worst conditions for a bush or grass fire.

Homes are not designed or constructed to withstand fires in these conditions

The safest place to be is away from high risk bushfire areas

What should I do?

Leaving high risk bushfire areas the night before or early in the day is your safest option - do not wait and see.

Avoid forested areas, thick bush or long, dry grass

Know your trigger - make a decision about:

  • when you will leave
  • where you will go
  • how you will get there
  • when you will return
  • what will you do if you cannot leave

extreme

What does it mean?

Expect extremely hot, dry and windy conditions.

If a fire starts and takes hold, it will be uncontrollable, unpredictable and fast moving. Spot fires will start, move quickly and come from many directions.

Homes that are situated and constructed or modified to withstand a bushfire, that are well prepared and actively defended, may provide safety.

You must be physically and mentally prepared to defend in these conditions.

What should I do?

Consider staying with your property only if you are prepared to the highest level. This means your home needs to be situated and constructed or modified to withstand a bushfire*, you are well prepared and you can actively defend your home if a fire starts

If you are not prepared to the highest level, leaving high risk bushfire areas early in the day is your safest option

Be aware of local conditions and seek information by listening to your emergency broadcasters, go to cfa.vic.gov.au or call the Victorian Bushfire Information Line on 1800 240 667

severe

What does it mean?

Expect hot, dry and possibly windy conditions.

If a fire starts and takes hold, it may be uncontrollable.

Well prepared homes that are actively defended can provide safety.

You must be physically and mentally prepared to defend in these conditions.

What should I do?

Well prepared homes that are actively defended can provide safety - check your bushfire survival plan.

If you are not prepared, leaving bushfire prone areas early in the day is your safest option.

Be aware of local conditions and seek information by listening to your emergency broadcasters, go to cfa.vic.gov.au or call the Victorian Bushfire Information Line on 1800 240 667.

veryhigh high low to moderate

What does it mean?

If a fire starts, it can most likely be controlled in these conditions and homes can provide safety.

Be aware of how fires can start and minimise the risk.

Controlled burning off may occur in these conditions if it is safe - check to see if permits apply.

What should I do?

Check your bushfire survival plan.

Monitor conditions.

Action may be needed.

Leave if necessary.

You can download a copy of the Fire Danger Rating Brochure - pdf 76k

Resources

Back to top